FACTS

The Villa of Diomedes is located outside the ancient city walls of Pompeii, near the Herculaneum Gate. The villa was named after an ancient tomb bearing the name of Marcus Arrius Diomedes which was discovered not far from the entrance of the villa, despite the fact that it is not possible to confirm that this individual was the villa’s owner. 

The villa was one of the first building excavated on the site of Pompeii. The state of preservation of its painted decoration, together with its very large surface area, makes it an extremely important site. Despite these aspects and the existence of extensive documentation, principally produced during its excavation from the late 18th to the early 20th century, the Villa of Diomedes has never been the subject of a detailed archaeological survey.

METHODOLOGY

Digital Diomedes, in partnership with the INRIA and the ENS, is an innovative project intended to explore the new possibilities offered by virtual archaeology by combining it with the historical documentation on the villa. Working closely with an archaeological team, Iconem has developed a 3D database in order to manage the site documentation: illustrated archives (drawings and watercolours), stratigraphic phases, surveys of the floors etc. Each archive document is presented in this spatial database, which has an intuitive interface. 

The project therefore consists of two main aspects: chronologically reconstructing the architectural organisation of the monument, and exploiting the ancient archives and inserting them into the 3D model.